Phone: 503.231.5050 The oval leaves can be 5 to 6 inches in length and are a mild to olive green color on the upper surface and lighter below with the new growth and leaf petioles tinged red. Can be clipped into a formal hedge or topiary form. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Leaves are left whole to cook, but are not themselves eaten because they are stiff and sharp and can potentially cause damage to the mouth or throat if ingested. As a seasoning, dried leaves are broken or crumbled into cooking foods and allowed to permeate the dish. Bay, Laurus nobilis is one of the oldest shrubs in cultivation, introduced at least as early as 1650. Plants in containers need some supplemental fertilizer. Taking the whole, intact leaf by mouth is LIKELY UNSAFE.The leaf can't be digested, so it remains intact while passing through the digestive … Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' Plant Citations. Handy Brochures. Indoor plants may be affected by scale. It is an upright, hardy evergreen tree with deep green, aromatic foliage. Outdoors, certain moths occasionally lay eggs between leaves, and the larvae can chew holes, though outbreaks are not usually bad enough to greatly disfigure the plant. Landscape Use: Background, screen, espalier, medicinal and culinary herb. Hokwerda H, Bos R, Tattje DH, Malingre TM. Best known as a seasoning, bay laurel is an evergreen shrub or tree that is native to the Mediterranean area. But, if you cook with whole bay leaf, be sure to remove it before eating the food. In ancient Greece, one of the highest honors one could receive was a wreath made from bay. In-ground planted bay is drought tolerant once established. Aromatic evergreen foliage can be used as a savory culinary seasoning. Classes | Bay can be trimmed and shaped and is often seen in formal and herb gardens where it is confined with annual shaping; it is also often grown in large pots as a specimen. Laurus 'Saratoga' (Saratoga bay laurel) grows 25-30 ft tall and nearly as wide. Laurus nobilis ‘Aureus’ – This type has dark green leaves that start out as lime green when young. Habit: Laurus nobilis 'Aurea' grows to be a large densely branching shrub or eventually a small tree in many years. Laurus nobilis piramides. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ – This variety has leaves that are more narrow than the common type, which makes it even better as an ornamental addition to the garden. Plant your bay tree at the same depth as it was planted in its original pot. This tree is not too particular about soil type, but it must be well-draining. Bay leaves are used either fresh or dry to flavor all kinds of savory recipes, from soups and stews to rice or meat dishes. Bay laurel, Laurus nobilis, is native to the southern Mediterranean region. It has attractive foliage and can easily be pruned and sheared into topiary shapes. Yearly Events | Common Name: Bay laurel, sweet bay, culinary bay. Bay seems to grow best when it's a little cramped in its pot, even to the point of roots starting to poke out the bottom. If your tree does show signs of die-back in the spring, prune the stem down to below the damage and new growth should fill in. Situate the plant in a warm spot, such as near a south-facing wall, and protect from the wind. Re-pot as necessary, when the roots start to come out the bottom of the pot. Referenced in ancient texts, this evergreen bears leathery deep green leaves that figure prominently as a seasoning in Mediterranean cuisine. In cooler areas, bring it indoors for the winter. Provide as much light as possible for plants grown indoors for the winter, and let the soil dry fairly well between waterings. Willow Leaf Bay (Laurus nobilis “angustifolia”) (Conventional) $ 15.00. Discover RHS expert help and advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Laurus nobilis: Bay Laurel A plant of much renown and lore, bay is an essential culinary herb with a long history. Ground bay leaf is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts, short-term. In its native habitat, the slow-growing tree can reach heights of 40 feet or more, but home-grown bay usually remains much smaller. March 2, 2006. p 6 Parts Shown: Habit Photo. Laurus nobilis standard/stems en spiral Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' Laurus nobilis 'Bay Junior' Muses of Alloro - "Let's be inspired" More information about the "Muses of Alloro", lauriervariety's who's inspire you, Thalia is more coldhardy, Polyhymnia is better for Topiary,.. Bay trees can take decades to become mature enough to flower. Effect of Laurus nobilis L. Essential Oil and its Main Components on α-glucosidase and Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Activity. Genus Laurus are dioecious evergreen trees or large shrubs, with leathery aromatic leaves, and small yellow flowers followed on female plants by black berries Details L. nobilis f. angustifolia is an evergreen shrub or small tree, to around 8m tall, with aromatic foliage useful in cooking. If your bay is hit by a light frost, the leaves will probably turn brown and dry. If you grow your bay tree indoors, keep it near a sunny window for the winter. Form & Character: Seldom seen evergreen large shrub to tree, formal, stiff, dense, often cone-like in form. The leaves are said to repel pantry moths when placed in cupboards. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ (Narrow Leafed Bay) It has exactly the same habit as the standard Bay Tree (Laurus nobilis) but its narrower leaves mean that when clipped (as … Scale can sometimes become a problem and there are moths that will lay their eggs between two leaves and sort of fuse them together with a cottony fluff. Keep a frost blanket on hand and cover the plant when temperatures threaten to fall below 25 degrees F. Mulching around the base of the plant with leaves or straw can help insulate the soil, but be sure to remove the mulch in the spring to allow the soil to warm up and dry out more quickly. Pests and Diseases: Bay is generally not bothered by many problems. Your subscription gives you an instant 25% off your entire pottery purchase! Frequent pruning will mean fewer flowers and berries. Often the tree will recover on its own, the following spring. There are only a few varieties of bay available, but they are all evergreen and good for culinary use. A 24-inch pot should be fine for a 4- to 6-foot tree. You shouldn’t need to re-pot more than once every five years. angustifolia and Laurus azorica. Bay laurels are versatile plants that can thrive indoors and out. Outdoor plants require full sun to partial shade. When it signals trouble by dropping a few leaves, use the leaves in cooking and begin misting the tree regularly with water. Bay makes a popular container plant that can live for decades. Avoid exposure to both drafts and heat from appliances. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for the Autograph Tree. 3.8 out of 5 stars 356. Great as a container or hedg Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glabrous smooth leaves, in the flowering plant family Lauraceae. If your bay tree is in a pot, use a good-quality, fast-draining potting soil. It is often used to deter pests from other plants and in the pantry. All rights reserved. $5.99 shipping. Portland Nursery on Stark Just make sure it has a broad enough base to prevent the tree from toppling over in the wind. A plant of much renown and lore, bay is an essential culinary herb with a long history. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Starting from seed is tricky, as bay seeds can take months to germinate under specific conditions. Bay is commonly pruned to keep its size in check and/or create a more ornamental tree. Native to the Mediterranean, the bay tree is well known for its culinary use, often added to soups and stews. In extreme cases, prune to about 6 inches and allow new shoots to form from the base. Use a balanced organic fertilizer about three times a year: in spring, summer, and early fall for best results. Bay can be a bit frost-tender (it will suffer if temperatures fall too far below freezing, and may die in more severe cold), and does not prefer soggy soils, but if precautions are taken against frost and soil is amended to promote good drainage, bay is a care-free plant. This vigorous plant has the attributes of bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) but is a smaller with a more open habit and larger more rounded and lighter colored leaves. A robust sweet bay with wavy-edged, emerald green leaves. Since it is quite slow-growing, it can live a long time in a pot. They make attractive houseplants but they benefit from some summer sun. The Latin name, Laurus nobilis, means praise and nobility. A slender conical form that slowly grows into a small, shapely tree. Several cultivars have been selected, including: 'Aurea', with yellowish young foliage; 'Angustifolia' (also called willow-leaf bay), with narrow lance-shaped leaves; and 'Undulata' with wavy leaf margins. It also helps to refresh the top couple of inches of soil each spring, being careful not to hurt the shallow roots. 9000 SE Division, Portland, OR 97266. It is a pyramidal, aromatic, evergreen tree or large shrub that grows to as much as 60’ tall, but is usually seen much smaller (10-30’ tall). To keep its size in check, use a small container. Growing Sweet Bay Plants (Laurus nobilis) Sweet Bay (Laurus nobilis) reaches a height of 40 feet in its native Mediterranean reqion.However, Bay trees are slow growers and if grown in containers, they can be kept to a very manageable size with only a small amount of clipping. Laurus nobilis L.Bay Laurel (Laurus angustifolia, Laurus aurea, Laurus officinale, Laurus undulata) Other Common Names: Bay, Bay Tree, Cooking Bay, Laurel, Grecian Laurel, Greek Laurel, Sweet Bay, … Bay is only hardy in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 10. Bay leaf and bay leaf oil is LIKELY SAFE for most people in food amounts. You can prune as much or as little as you like, to keep the tree small or to create a topiary artwork. $8.99 $ 8. Bay is also a traditional component of the French bouquet garni herbs. (Narrow-leaved Bay Tree) Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' is a rare shrub has slender, evergreen leaves which release an aromatic scent when bruised and can be used in cooking. Keep the plant away from direct heat sources, and mist leaves occasionally. If left unpruned, bay trees can grow 60 feet tall. Pruning is usually done in the spring, as new growth is just beginning. The leaves dont soften much in cooking and are removed before eat… You can begin harvesting leaves when your tree is several feet tall, but you can always use the pruned leaves in the meantime. Sign up today! Iranian Journal of pharmaceutical research: IJPR, 12(2), 367–379. If you see two bay leaves stuck together with a cottony substance, peel them apart and destroy any caterpillars you find. More, David. There are also a few ornamental cultivars of Laurus nobilis. Location. Leaves of the bay tree have many culinary uses. It has the attributes of Laurus nobilis but is smaller with a more open habit and larger more rounded and lighter colored leaves. But be advised that some people find sweet bay to be a skin irritant. Bay Laurel is commonly known as Laurus nobilis or Sweet Bay. Scientific: Laurus nobilis Common: laurel bay, sweet bay Family: Lauraceae Origin: Mediterranean region Pronounciation: La-U-rus NO-blis Hardiness zones Sunset 5-9, 12-24 USDA 8-11. It’s very important that you grow only plants labeled Laurus nobilis if you plan to use the leaves for cooking and eating. Whether they season as well as regular Laurus nobilis is a matter of personal taste. Cultivated around the Mediterranean since at least Roman times, Laurus nobilis (Bay Laurel) is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub or small tree of densely pyramidal-oval habit. Leaves are glossy and oval in shape and hang from red-brown branches. Locations | Outdoors, grow in full sun and very well-drained soil. Slender, upright form grows slowly and gracefully into a small pyramidal tree, ideal for topiary. Home | It can easily be pruned into a bushy shrub, small tree, or even a topiary form. Also be sure to choose a place that is protected from potential wind. 5050 SE Stark, Portland, OR 97215, Portland Nursery on Division Bay laurel is used in stews, soups, tomato sauces, on fish and pretty much anywhere you want a subtle, earthy flavor. The leaves don’t soften much in cooking and are removed before eating. Laurus nobilis, commonly called bay laurel, is native to the Mediterranean. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. long (10 cm). Bay has also been a traditional medicinal plant, with uses as varied as earaches, rheumatism, and insect repellent. Composition of essential oils of Laurus nobilis, L. nobilis var. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ has long willowy leaves with a slight wave to the edge of the leaf adding to its aesthetic qualities. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Although bay can grow into a tall tree, it is often kept smaller by pruning or by confining it in a container. The leaves produce the best flavor if the plant is given full sun for a portion of the year. Pruning can be done to shape the plant as desired. Culture: Evergreen in zones 8 and up, bay is considered somewhat tender in the Portland area. Even today, bay remains a symbol of victory and honor (think of the words baccalaureate, or poet laureate). Laurus nobilis (Sweet Bay) - Sweet Bay is a moderately slow growing dense evergreen shrub or small tree that reaches 10'-25' tall and almost as wide with very aromatic elliptical 3 to 5 inch long leathery dark green leaves. Laurus Nobilis - Flemish Laurel tree : Cultivars, Muses of Alloro, Let s be inspired. Laurus nobilis is among Boething Treeland Farms’ most popular trees. Can be pruned yearly to limit the size if required. Maintenance: Bay plants are not heavy feeders, but an application of organic all-purpose or tree/shrub fertilizer in spring and again in midsummer will keep your in-ground plant healthy and happy. Water it regularly but always allow the soil to dry out between waterings, so the roots don’t rot. Laurus nobilis - 'Angustifolia' (Willow Leaf Bay): Bay is tough fast growing evergreen tree that will tolerate a wide range of soil types, prefering a location in full sun but will tolerate part shade. Propagation by stem cuttings is also possible, but they may take a very long time to root. In the spring, sweet bay has small yellow flowers that develop into purple berries in the fall. Bay is also well suited to container culture. Laurus nobilis is a stunning plant and a popular choice for hedging, topiary or a specimen plant.View Full Details The dark green leaves are very fragrant, especially when dried. Rate of Growth: Slow to moderate. For garden purposes, it is often pruned to 8’ tall or less. Horticulture Week. This relatively new introduction has a denser habit than straight Laurus nobilis and has proved to be slightly more hardy too according to the growers. The dark green leaves are very fragrant, especially when dried. Powdery mildew is sometimes an issue. It can grow in shade but will have a denser growth habit in sun. Container-grown trees and trees that are regularly pruned will not get anywhere near that tall. Feed container-grown bay in the spring and maybe again mid-summer, using a balanced organic fertilizer like fish emulsion and kelp. Use caution when weeding or cultivating around the base of the tree. Bremness, Lesley. Golden-leaf bay. Watch for waxy spots on stems and leaves, and remove with cotton swabs dipped in rubbing alcohol. Indoors, situate the plant in a very bright window, or provide supplemental light with a full-spectrum bulb. Propagation: Bay can be propagated by digging up rooted suckers that occur either naturally or from layering. Even leaves that dry and fall off the tree are still fragrant and usable. The Latin name, Laurus nobilis, means praise and nobility. Its growth habit is slow and vertical with dense foliage covering a naturally rounded head. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Bay is also a traditional component of the French bouquet garni herbs. However it is slow-growing and may take several years to reach the desired height. However, you may have trouble keeping your indoor bay tree from drying out in the low humidity of your home. As a seasoning, dried leaves are broken or crumbled into cooking foods and allowed to permeate the dish. Together with a gold form, L. nobilis 'Aurea' and a willow-leaved form L. nobilis f. angustifolia, it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Bay plants are dioecious, meaning male and female flowers occur on separate plants, and each are needed to produce fruit and seed. Miracle Botanicals Wildcrafted Laurel Leaf Essential Oil - 100% Pure Laurus Nobilis - 10ml or 30ml Sizes - Therapeutic Grade (5ML) 4.6 out of 5 stars 20. Since bay is slow-growing, it doesn’t require a great deal of food. If you want to grow your bay tree in the ground, identify a warm microclimate in your yard. The leaves are also used to make wreaths and garlands. Bay roots are very shallow, and frequent watering may be necessary during dry spells. Willow-leaf bay. To keep your potted bay tree portable, keep it pruned to no taller than 5 to 6 feet. For container-planted bay, a regular feeding schedule is essential, although it’s still important not to over-fertilize. If you see two leaves that appear to be stuck together, gently peel them apart and remove the eggs or larva. Phone: 503.788.9000 Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Bay tree, bay laurel, laurel tree, sweet bay, true laurel, laurel. Long, slender leaves and compact habit. A south-facing wall near a building, or a brick or stone structure will retain heat and help keep your plant cozy. (However due to high demand we are currently shipping orders within 8 - … It’s an essential foliage plant for herb gardens, its leaves commonly used in curries and as part of a bouquet garni. The plant Laurus nobilis (family Lauraceae) is widely cultivated in many regions of the world where it is used primarily as a culinary herb now but in its native Mediterranean it was also used medicinally and culturally. Alternative medicine Laurus nobilis essential oil in … Willow or Narrow Leaf Sweet Bay has long narrow fragrant evergreen leaves that can be used for the same culinary uses as regular Sweet Bay. Although your bay tree will probably go dormant and drop a few leaves, you do not want its soil to remain dry for extended periods. Laurus nobilis - 'Bay Leaf Tree' - Bay Laurel or Sweet Bay - Live Plant. New growth is bright gold. San Luis Obispo Botanical Garden, 3450 Dairy Creek Road, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, United States 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 Dark green, highly aromatic foliage is valued as a flavorful culinary seasoning. Because bay is a very slow grower, it can be grown as an ornamental and it is even better suited to growing in a pot. This particular species of Laurel boasts an aromatic fragrance and glossy dark green leaves. Purchasing potted bay from the Nursery is by far the easiest and most reliable source of plants! Amend heavy soils with plenty of compost, and add pumice to increase drainage. Situating the plant in a very sunny location, pruning out crowded branches to promote air circulation, and letting soil dry between waterings usually takes care of any mildew. It’s slightly tender when young and benefits from shelter and protection in winter. Laurus nobilis 'Aurea' will grow best when planted in a position sheltered from cold winter winds and may require protection in severe winters. In spring, yellow buds appear, opening to clusters of fluffy yellow flowers, adding a lovely contrast amongst the foliage. For the most part, the bay is pest-free. There are other plants that go by the common names of bay and sweet bay and these are not necessarily edible. This is ideal if you have a very small garden, or if your climate is cold enough to where you’ll need to bring the plant inside for the winter. Though it is native to the rocky shores of the Mediterranean, bay is surprisingly easy to grow in the Pacific Northwest. In ancient Greece, one of the highest honors one could receive was a wreath made from bay. It is prized for its aromatic, narrowly ovate, leathery leaves, up to 4 in. (1988) p 90 Parts Shown: Leaf Photo. The Complete Book of Herbs. In areas with hot, dry summers, some afternoon shade is ideal. 99. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is used as bay leaf for seasoning in cooking. Our mail order delivery service is running as normal.